Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies <p>The Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies (JEMDS) is a high quality, open access and international refereed journal which aims to publish original research papers, reviews, and case studies related to broad areas of disciplines, including Education, Agriculture and Biological Sciences, Environment and Natural Resources, Health Sciences, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Public Management, Business Management and Entrepreneurship, Development Management, and Gender and Development. This also covers multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary studies on sustainable development in regional, national and global perspectives.<br /><br /><strong>ISSN: </strong>2782-9413<br /><strong>E-ISSN:</strong> 2799-0583<br /><strong>Frequency: </strong>Quarterly<br /><strong>Review Type:</strong> Double-blind Review<br /><strong>Submission Link: </strong><a href=""></a></p> en-US <p>This article is licensed under an Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) License, which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided that the article is properly cited, the use is non-commercial, and no modifications or adaptations are made. To view a copy of this license, visit <a href=""></a></p> (CSPC-CRD Research Publication Management) (Elena Clarexe Gulane) Sun, 09 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0800 OJS 60 The Potential Impact of COVID-19 on the Asian Rural Economy: A Study Based on Asian Countries <p>In the aftermath of the recent outbreak of COVID-19, which has adversely affected rural economies across Asia, challenges of unprecedented proportions have now arisen as a result. Currently, it is pertinent to look in depth and critically at the impact of the pandemic on rural economies now. However, most previous studies ignore the above-mentioned research gap. This is especially critical to marginalized populations living on limited resources, small landowners, and migrant workers who earn low wages in an economy where fewer resources are available. There is also imperative to identify solutions that would enable member states to quickly reconstruct the rural economy sector in a sustainable way. Hence, to explore the effect of COVID-19 on the rural economies of the Asia region, we adopt a qualitative research approach. Based on this technique, our findings suggest that one of the solutions to increasing the resilience of the rural economy is the automation of the rural economy in a sustainable manner. Particularly, our findings indicate that the adoption of a sustainable and inclusive approach to automating the rural economy can enhance efficiency and speed at each stage of the supply chain. Moreover, our findings suggest that it is possible to take many measures to maximize the contribution of sustainable rural economy automation efforts. These can contribute to the recovery and resilience of the rural economy sector. Based on the above findings we provide theoretical and practical implications.</p> Siddhartha Paul Tiwari Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies Sun, 09 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Discourse Markers in an Online Community of Buhînën People <p>One of the language communication challenges is how it works as speakers use it. Some words may not change their semantic meaning, but when it is meant to say on speaker’s intention, it impacts the context; these particles are discourse markers. It has been used in everyday interaction, face-to-face communication, writing, and an online environment. This compels the researcher to investigate further the occurrences of the discourse markers in Buhînën People in an online community. This study centralized how discourse markers maintain their status of cohesion and interpersonal in computer-mediated communication. This qualitative study was based on Gustilo and Palacio’s (2016) study on discourse particles. Discourse markers were categorized into two: textual and relational categories. The corpus of 2,000 Facebook posts, primarily texts, was the data collected from the most numbered population on the Facebook online group of Buhînëns. Then, the survey was conducted to gather data about the pragmatic relation of relational discourse markers. The data revealed that the most hits were the discourse marker ‘na’ for the textual category, whereas ‘po’ for the relational category. It also revealed that more textual discourse markers were found. The functions proved the idea of metalingual function (Maschler &amp; Schiffrin, 2015), as it has many functions in both categories, including the micro-function of relational discourse markers. Furthermore, the study also answered the importance of the discourse markers in pragmatics and computer-mediated communication, through which they served both their primary roles as structural and interpersonal.</p> Marlon S. Pontillas, Francis Roi Rañada Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies Sun, 09 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Impact Assessment of Seaweeds Culture of the Inter-island Seaweeds Association in Cawayan-placer, Masbate <p>Part of the FishCORAL project is the roll out of the livelihood projects which would respond to the objective of reducing poverty incidence of fishing communities. One of these livelihood projects was inter-island seaweeds culture of Cawayan and Placer in Masbate. Descriptive research design and purposive sampling were used in the study. Structured survey-questionnaire was utilized and employed interview and focus group discussion as means of collecting information from the target respondents. Data revealed that the majority of the respondents’ dwell in a single house with five members and have a monthly income of P10,252.00 which is not enough to finance household expenditures due to a large number of dependents. They don’t have possession of the lot where their houses are situated. Many are challenged for sources of safe and affordable drinking water. Women empowerment in the area is fair, although disempowerment is high at 51%.&nbsp; Seaweeds project in inter-island barangays does not have significant impacts on the lives of the beneficiaries because poverty incidence is higher than the set poverty threshold. Its effectiveness and efficiency could not be fully assessed although there are glaring pieces of evidence of the major challenges along with these criteria. Putting suitable intervention on the target coastal communities with close coordination on concerned agencies and proper monitoring of the project should be considered by the implementing agency to address the findings in this study. Insurance coverage is&nbsp; recommended to alleviate impacts to the livelihood during inclement weather conditions. Capability development of livelihood beneficiary association along with financial literacy, basic business management, and record keeping shall be carried out.</p> Roger Ibañez Jr., Jacob Frederick Velza, Alvin Mahawan Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies Sat, 14 Jan 2023 00:00:00 +0800 Exploring Codeswitching Occurrences in an Online English Language Learning in a State College, Philippines <p>This study aimed to explore the code-switching in online English Language Learning (ELL) in Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges. The researchers formulated two main questions in this study: (1) What types of code-switching are used by students in Online English Language Learning (ELL)? (2) What are the effects of code-switching on language learning in an Online ELL setting? To answer the research questions, the researchers utilized a qualitative research design. The researchers observed and recorded the Zoom classes in the five sections of the Bachelor of Arts in English Language Studies of the said College for the data collection. Research ethics was properly observed in the process of data gathering. Additionally, the researchers interviewed students from each class to triangulate the study results. Moreover, the researchers used content and thematic analyses to analyze the collected data from the transcribed audio and interviews. Furthermore, the findings showed that among the three types of code-switching that Poplack (1980) has categorized. The most prevalent type of switching that English Language Studies students mostly use is tag switching; Second, intra-sentential code-switching; Then, the inter-sentential code-switching. The results also explained the various perceptions of English Language students about the employment of code-switching in their classes. The paper also presents code-switching's positive and negative effects on students' language learning.</p> Allaine Agna, Chabelita Molina, Marlon Pontillas, Jeremy Ignacio Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies Sun, 09 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0800 Principal Leadership Vs Teacher Professionalism: Contribution to Organizational Climate in Islamic Schools in Medan, Indonesia <p>Creating a positive school climate is a real challenge in today's school management. Meanwhile, a positive conducive school climate will contribute to improving school performance. This paper aims to look at the contribution of teacher leadership and professionalism to the school organizational climate. The method used in this study is quantitative, while the data instrument is collected by distributing questionnaires. The study was conducted by involving 155 teachers spread over three public madrasas in Medan city. The study results show that teacher professionalism has a more real impact on efforts to establish a conducive school organizational climate. The originality shown from this study is that the contribution of leadership is no longer a determinant in the organizational climate of schools. This study offers strengthening of teacher professionalism as an effort.</p> Muhammad Fadhli, Achmad Patoni, Agus Zaenul Fitry Copyright (c) 2022 Journal of Education, Management and Development Studies Sat, 29 Oct 2022 00:00:00 +0800